The most widely planted rootstock. Grows poorly on light or
sandy soils but performs well on deep fertile loam soils. Anchors well and produces a strong, sturdy tree.
Moderately resistant to collar rot. Tree will be 15-16 feet
tall at maturity. Plant trees 12-15 feet apart in rows spaced 16 - 20 feet apart.
The virus-indexed EMLA clone was introduced in 1974-75.
Excellent anchoring qualities with well-developed root system. Produces an early
fruiting tree with heavy cropping potential, moderate vigor
and with resistance to woolly apple aphids. Susceptible to collar rot, so cannot tolerate wet or poorly drained soils.
Best rootstock for harsher mountain growing conditions and
recommended for use over a wide range of soil and climatic conditions. Plant trees 12-15 feet apart in
rows spaced 16 - 20 feet apart. The virus-indexed EMLA clone
was introduced in 1969-70.
Productive rootstock best suited for heavy or poorly drained soils. Excellent
drought resistance and also shows good resistance to woolly
apple aphids. Good anchoring capability and rarely produces root suckers.
Good rootstock for dry sandy soils in low rainfall areas. Average
tree height will be 18-20 feet. Plant 16-18 feet apart in rows spaced 20 feet apart.
The virus-indexed EMLA clone was introduced in 1969-70.
Bud. 9 (Budogovsky 9):
This Russian rootstock will produce a tree which will be 30-35% of a
standard tree at maturity. Extremely winter hardy and resistant to crown rot. Somewhat
resistant to fireblight, but susceptible to woolly aphids. Average tree height will be
8-10 feet and must be permanently staked. Plant 6-8 feet apart in rows spaced 10-15 feet apart.